Air And Water Borne Diseases

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    After heavy flooding, sewage plants fail and release copious amounts of untreated waste. For more information about waterborne illness, symptoms and pathogens please visit theCDC’s Waterborne Disease Prevention website. High levels of chemicals, nitrates, and other heavy metals are mixed in water resources due to industrial pollution and/or the over-use of agricultural chemicals, which adversely affects human health. Climate change, occurring due to unplanned industrialization practices and improper waste management systems has a harsh impact on our water resources. Pure water is important for us to ensure our well-being, since the human body is 70% of water. The majority of victims of water contamination are children (about 2.2 million) who suffer from illnesses that arise due to organisms thriving in water resources due to pollution.
    Giardia is a tiny parasite that is found worldwide in water, soil, and food as well as on surfaces that have been contaminated by feces of an infected person or animal. Giardiasis is the most common water-borne disease in the United States. If you think you have the symptoms of water-borne disease and have been exposed to potentially contaminated soil, food, or water, consult your healthcare provider.
    Outbreaks of waterborne diseases often occur after a severe precipitation event . Because climate change increases the severity and frequency of some major precipitation events, communities—especially in the developing world—could be faced with elevated disease burden from waterborne diseases. In addition, diseases caused by Vibrio bacteria such as cholera and other intestinal diseases may pose a greater threat due to the effect that rising sea temperatures will have on the growth and spread of bacteria.
    Other diseases are caused due to inadequate sanitation facilities and poor personal hygiene practices that are directly connected to the lack of clean water. To prevent further exposures to contaminated water and limit outbreaks. Typhoid is spread by human waste, and by waters contaminated with waste in locales where proper sanitation services are absent. Governments of the countries with high incidence of water-borne diseases, often run health check-up and awareness campaigns.
    Most cases of salmonella come from ingesting food or water contaminated with feces. Undercooked meat, egg products, fruits, and vegetables can also carry the disease. Most people don’t develop complications, but children, pregnant women, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems are most at risk. This waterborne disease is shared through contaminated water, most often in ponds and streams, but it can also be found in a town’s water crisis supply, swimming pools, and more. The infection is caused by a parasite and typically clears up after a few weeks. However, it’s possible for those who have been exposed will experience intestinal problems for years to come.
    Preparedness Brief The Preparedness Brief provides updates and information from NACCHO’s public health preparedness portfolio. NACCHO periodically invites guest authors to write first-person accounts of their work in public health. The WHO Surveillance Programme for Control of Foodborne Infections and Intoxications in Europe 8th Report notified a total foodborne outbreak of in 1999 and in 2000.
    It’s spread through contaminated food, unsafe water, and poor sanitation, and it is highly contagious. People typically get sick from recreational water illnesses when they accidentally ingest water contaminated by fecal matter. Such contamination can happen through wastewater and sewage runoff, flooding or someone defecating while swimming, according to the report.

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